1903 Manhattan Flood
On May 29, 1903 at around 3:00 a.m., Manhattan citizens were awakened by the fire bell to find water pushing through Poyntz Avenue. During the previous month, the city had received an average of 15 inches of rain in a single week. Merchants responded to the alarm by rushing to their stores to pile their goods on high tables and shelves. Damage to Manhattan stores during the 1903 flood were estimated at $25,000. At its worst, the flood covered all of Manhattan east of 5th and lower portions of the west. Photographer F.W. Amos took a number of photographs of the flood that were later published in a photographic souvenir by the Manhattan Republic newspaper.